Apply Now Enquire Now
Apply Now Enquire Now

Duties and Responsibilities of a Medical Laboratory Technician


Students Trained & Placed


Sq.Ft.of training area


Worldwide Alumni Network


Kitchen Training Facility

₹ 60 Lakhs

UP to Scholarships


Placement Assistance

International & National Internships only at 5-star Properties

One to One Corporate Mentorship

An Entrepreneurial Culture at the Campus


The healthcare industry is a vast and intricate network of professionals working together to ensure the care and well-being of patients. Among these crucial contributions is the Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT), a hero at the backend who plays a vital role in diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases. Hence, we will delve into the roles, responsibilities and requirements for this emerging healthcare role, focusing on the world of MLTs. 


  • What is a Medical Laboratory Technician?

A Medical Laboratory Technician, often called an MLT, is a highly proficient healthcare professional who has completed their BSc Medical Lab Technology education and is responsible for conducting diagnostic tests and experiments on multiple patient samples and offering vital data that helps make informed medical decisions. MLTs usually work in varied settings, which include clinics, hospitals, public health agencies and research laboratories. Their thorough and cautious work ensures the accuracy and reliability of laboratory tests that are fundamental in diagnosing, addressing and treating medical conditions. 


  • Roles and Responsibilities of a Medical Laboratory Technician

A Medical Laboratory Technician must carry out a wide array of tasks and responsibilities, which include: 


1. Sample Collection and Handling

A Medical Lab Technician's first responsibility is collecting patient samples such as urine, blood and tissue specimens. They ensure that samples are carefully labelled, stored and transported to the respective laboratory for analysis. 


2. Lab Equipment Operation

MLTs are tasked with operating and maintaining various laboratory apparatus, which encompasses microscopes, centrifuges and automated analyzers. The primary task taught in the BSc Medical Lab Technology program to an MLT is to guarantee specific calibration and perfect functionality of these instruments.


3. Testing and Analysis

Medical Lab Technicians perform diagnostic tests on patient samples by following strict standard protocols and operating procedures. These assessments encompass a variety of evaluations, such as analyzing blood chemistry, microbiological examinations and hematology assays, among multiple others.


4. Quality Control

MLTs are tasked with the duty of executing thorough quality control processes to validate the preciseness of laboratory examinations. Also, they are skilled in solving equipment malfunctions and rectifying any inconsistency in test outcomes. 


5. Data Management

In healthcare, the diligent art of accurate record-keeping has supreme importance. Similarly, Medical Laboratory Technicians keep extensive archives, actively documenting test outcomes, patient data and the vital repository of quality control data. Hence, Medical lab technicians with BSc Medical Lab Technology have the crucial knowledge to seamlessly manage critical information accordingly. 


6. Infection Control

Within a laboratory, Medical Laboratory Technicians (MLTs) vigorously adhere to the safety protocols to prevent the spreading of infections. They don the essential personal protective gear and maintain a clean and hygienic workplace, thereby upholding an ideal laboratory environment. 


  • How to Become a Medical Laboratory Technician

To become a Medical Lab technician, one must have specific educational qualifications and acquire certain skills. Thus, here's a brief overview to become an MLT:


1. Formal Educational Qualification

The primary step is to complete a BSc medical lab technology from a recognized and accredited institute. A bachelor's program covers all the subjects necessary for the knowledge to become a medical lab technician. A bachelor's program covers hematology, clinical chemistry and microbiology. It would be best if you enquired with a recognized and accredited institute thoroughly by understanding various aspects such as practical learning sessions, curriculum, Lab Technician course fees and much more.


2. Practical Training 

Practical training in medical labs is part of the medical laboratory technician Bachelor's program to apply theoretical knowledge in real-life clinical settings. Practical learning allows MLTs to perform diagnostic tests, learn to operate lab equipment and gain skills in quality control measures, which ensures that they are well-prepared for a future career in the healthcare industry. 


3. Further Education and Training

After completing a Bachelor's degree in medical lab technology or a related field, individuals can enhance their careers in laboratory medicine. Further education and training can help gain more profound expertise and responsibilities in clinical laboratories. The kind of training that lab technicians undergo varies by field. Scientific seminars and conferences can provide lab technicians with educational opportunities. Depending on their professions and specializations, lab technicians can choose from various conferences to learn more about their areas of expertise and keep up with emerging business trends and scientific research. While receiving on-the-job training, many institutions frequently instruct lab technicians on specific laboratory procedures. 


4. Get additional certifications 

Medical lab technicians who want to improve their abilities and keep up with evolving medical procedures must constantly pursue certifications. In addition to validating competence, obtaining additional certifications shows a dedication to excellence, supporting career progress, and guaranteeing high-quality, up-to-date diagnostic services in fast-paced medical settings.


  • Medical Lab Technician work environment and culture 

A lab tech's significant places of employment are hospitals, medical labs, and diagnostic centres. They may operate alone or with another expert in a field or lab setting. Depending on their area of expertise, BSc Medical Lab Technology graduates can have a unique workplace called a lab bench where they utilize various scientific devices to conduct experiments and analyze results.


Lab technicians frequently work in production or manufacturing in the pharmaceutical industry. Depending on the work conditions, lab technicians can work whichever hours they choose. Many medical lab technicians work full-time during regular business hours, yet some stay late to do lengthy research projects. When conducting a timed experiment, some laboratory technicians occasionally work on weekends and evenings.


  • Salary and employment prospects for laboratory technicians 

In the discipline of Medical Laboratory Technology, professional wages range from Rs 1.5LPA to Rs 5LPA for several reasons. Significant determinants include the total amount of work experience, educational qualifications such as BSc Medical Lab Technology, and an individual's specialized knowledge. Since some of them are more proficient and have a more comprehensive range of skills, technicians with advanced qualifications frequently command greater pay. Additionally, ongoing professional development, such as earning more certifications, not only enhances skills but also positively affects pay scales, positioning medical laboratory technicians for lucrative opportunities and recognition in the constantly changing field of healthcare diagnostics. The dynamic interplay of degrees and experience highlights the need for continual professional development in this crucial healthcare function.



With meticulous activities spanning from sample collection to data management, the work of a Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) is essential in the healthcare ecosystem. Becoming an MLT requires formal schooling, on-the-job training, and continual professional development. Pursuing a formal education such as a BSc Medical Lab Technology program becomes critical as the demand for competent lab  technicians grows. 

The ITM's Bachelor of Science in Medical Lab Technology program is a beacon for aspiring professionals, providing a thorough education that aligns with market demands. Our Bachelor's program provides students with a fundamental understanding of hematology, clinical chemistry, and microbiology and hands-on experience in actual clinical situations. The program ensures that graduates are ready for the changing challenges of the healthcare sector. We promote a culture of ongoing learning and professional development in laboratory medicine with hands-on learning experiences. Graduates leave with a recognized degree, a dedication to enhancing healthcare diagnostics, and a commitment to excellence. 

Learn more about ITM's Bachelor of Science in Medical Lab Technology program details such as the curriculum, alums, Lab Technician course fees and much more on this easy-to-navigate and interactive website for further information. ITM's Bachelor's program is a great place to start if you want to create a lucrative career in medical diagnostics. Allow us to assist you in launching your MLT career today!

Programs Offered